NI Water Tips – Protect Your Farm by Protecting Your Water Pipes
Thefarmpage received this useful article from NI Water with advice on reducing damage to water pipes on farm and to help reduce expensive leaks. Keep up to date with regular helpful tips on The Farm Page.
According to Extacta Weather December, January, and February are to experience below average temperatures, with the heaviest snowfalls occurring from November to January across many parts of the UK. NI Water and UFU are therefore urging farmers to consider now the impact this cold weather could have and protect their farm.
December 2010 was recorded as the coldest month in 100 years and approximately 4400 properties, including many farms, experienced an interruption to their water supply or faced the costly impact of a burst pipe.
Des Shields, Head of Leakage, NI Water, comments:
“Over 60% of NI Water’s non domestic customers are classified as farms, so it is an important consumer group for us. Farms can also be among our most vulnerable group if they loose their water supply.
“The effects of dealing with the aftermath of a burst pipe on a farm cannot be underestimated. Water is the single most important requirement for livestock. On a dairy farm, livestock drinking water accounts for between 50% and 75% of the farm’s water usage. It is therefore vital farmers have a clean constant supply of water.
“There are a number of ways farmers can prevent problems from occurring or minimising their impact if they happen including:
- Ensure that you have good understanding of the layout of pipework within your land and keep a map of the line of this pipework;
- Know where your stop valves are located; why not put one of NI Water’s new stop valve tags on them, you can request these by phoning Waterline 08457 440088.
- Ideally, install a number of stop valves to isolate water supply to disused areas of the farm during the winter months;
- Ensure that you have a supply of the relevant fittings to repair any leakages;
- Know where your meters are located (NI Water will help you to do this if asked) and check them on a regular basis. A higher reading may indicate a leak which should be located and repaired as quickly as possible to reduce water bills, which are a major liability for a working farm;
Inspect remote troughs which may not be used at this time of year, particularly the exposed pipe leading into the trough; if cattle are inside consider turning the supply to the trough off at the
- meter or installing a stop valve for the trough (or field) so you turn off the supply without having to do so at the meter. Consider draining troughs;
- Where practical ensure all underground pipes are buried 750 millimetres (2½ feet) below ground level.
- Ensure any pipes within buildings are insulated, where appropriate, taking account of the presence of any livestock;
- Fix dripping taps – a gentle trickle of water can freeze and completely block the pipe;
- Examine the adequacy of storage in the event of a supply problem. NI Water recommends at least 24 hours storage;
- Write down the name and contact details of a SNIPEF (Scotland & Northern Ireland Plumbing Employers Federation) registered plumber in case a pipe does burst.
UFU President John Thompson said; “Last winter we experienced some of the worst weather we had seen for decades and many farmers found themselves without water, facing extremely difficult circumstances. We are hearing reports that this year’s winter is shaping up to be just as bad, if not worse and while farmers can’t control the weather there are things we can do in order to prepare for it. I’d encourage farmers to take heed of Northern Ireland Water’s advice and to do things such as lag pipes and install stop valves with the aim of minimising water difficulties this winter. Prevention is better than cure and with many cattle still in the fields now is the perfect time to get sheds ready for the winter.”
NI Water has also provided UFU with stop value tags that will be distributed to local UFU offices. Farmers can use the brightly coloured tags to mark stop valves in the fields or in sheds. This is useful for farmers because by putting the tags on it can help to remind them where the stop valves are on their farm and the brightly coloured tag will serve as useful marker in future when they are looking for particular stop valves again.
Pipes burst when water expands and freezes into ice. In a pipe, ice forms first on the inside wall of the pipe and grows until there is a solid plug of ice blocking the pipe. This plug then seals water between the plug and the closed valve. If more ice forms the expanding ice has nowhere to go, and causes the pipe to burst at its weakest point.
For the long range Weather Forecast click Here